When I heard of the word “evolution”, I believe that it is not merely enclosed to the idea of the evolution of the body and organisms but the evolution of humanity in terms of intelligence, creativity and its interaction to its society.
Human beings are genetically similar. And so, through genetic evidences, more facts to support such claim had been revealed. The use of mitochondrial DNA has widened more scientific speculations.
East Africa became the landscape of human evolution. The remnants of art forms found in caves deliberately support issues on how the human mind was born. Some enthusiasts actually demonstrated how the first human beings lived and survived. They showed the actual process on how our first ancestors made their tools, thus, proving their regularity of thinking. This fact is a strong grasp to the idea that humans are genetically similar.
Shell beads and ornaments became important artifacts of the mind’s big bang, providing knowledge of prehistoric histories. Fossils that were left behind traced us back to the prehistoric times, eventually, to the riddles of the human mind.
I believe human beings are indeed a product of evolution. And the mind is definitely a big bang.
Jared Diamond’s theories about “Guns, Germs and Steel” may look simple but quite exceptional. Diamond led me back to the early societies and the rise of civilization in the fields of medicine, agriculture, warfare and finally, survival. Thus, a broad understanding of human history.
I agree with Diamond’s claim that geography is a contributing factor in the rise and fall of human societies. Continent by continent each lived in abundance and scarcity. Geography determines the distribution of wealth and supply in every society, which can greatly affect a society’s survival. And so, Diamond provided a comprehensive explanation why Europeans became more progressive rather than those from the Papua New Guinea in terms of agriculture, food production and technology. It supports the fact that even the political and economic successes of a society rely on ecological differences between continents.
Jared Diamond’s study had completely answered the common question as to why the Europeans ended up conquering the early societies, if not, the whole world.
Guns, Germs and Steel shaped our idea of human civilization. Diamond might have discussed a lot of significant theories involving humanity but the only part I found very distracting in the movie was the participation of religion. Was it just a part of the conquest or was it merely religion as we see it?
And so, Guns, Germs and Steel for me, revolves in one idea: conquests and survival.
Galileo Galilei was a fearless and fearful rebel. He was a scientist alright, and scientists need to rebel and change the established tradition and authorities in order to explore knowledge. And so, intellectual humans came up with the term- science questions to argue against the religious beliefs.
Galileo’s discovery did not only fuel other scientists to attack reliance on authority but he also freed other minds to explore without being trapped by religion. That was the essence of Scientific Revolution.
The movie did not only talk about Galileo but also the fate of other scientists who were not allowed to explore and experiment. It is a movie that is not merely portraying the status of science during the 16th– 17th century AD but the never-ending power struggle between science and religion. When cloning was discovered, the church was the first and only one who showed resistance against such great discovery.
The book was entitled “Dialogue” perhaps because during such times, Galileo, like the method of Socrates, argued and discussed with other enlightened men so as to achieve knowledge.
To sum up, two absurd things keep running in my head today: scientists continue to become evil creatures, and as what Adam and Eve learned: knowledge is evil. And if such things insist to exist, the revolution continues.